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Clinical Examination
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Breast Examination

Nowadays for obvious reasons this is usually done on a dummy in the examination. In real life you should be chaperoned by a female nurse.

The routine

Inspection

Palpation

"I would like to "

Common Conditions for OSCEs

The age group is a strong clue to what the diagnosis will be:
15-30
Fibroadenoma: benign tumor with proliferation of glandular and stromal elements, due to estrogen
35-45
Fibroadenosis (no cysts) (also known as fibrocystic disease, chronic mastitis): Fibrosis, epitheliosis, adenosis ( "-is" implies overgrowth). Can be premalignant if has "atypical elements"
35-70
Cystic fibroadenosis
30+
Adenocarcinoma
Other
Duct papilloma (epithelial proliferation in ducts), traumatic fat necrosis, infections include cellulitis/mastitis, abscess (usually lactation/preg & staph aureus)

Breast anatomy

From www.cancer.gov
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