Foley Catheter Insertion
close monitoring of urinary output: for example in shock and renal failure
incontinence is not an indication as the risks of infection outweight the benefits.)
is normal for the patient to feel the need to urinate after insertion.
This happens because the balloon is resting on the lower trigone of the
bladder and the detrusor starts contracting. To minimize this
sensation, reduce the size of the balloon and lie the patient
Explain the procedure and consent the patient
Use the aseptic technique with sterile surgical gloves
(included). Lay out equiment on the trolley. 14-16 gauge is standard
Test the balloon using 10ml air. Suck it out again.
Expose from umbilicus to below knee (so that during the
blanket doesn't rise up to aseptic area. Apply paper from the pack
around the penis (if there is not a hole in the pack for the
penis then make one)
Clean the glans penis (dorsal to ventral) then perineum
(always from clean to dirty). Use at least 2 cotton wool swabs.
Apply antiseptic gauze to penis. Hold from ventral side
and clean the
glans penis. Note use one hand to use the penis and the other to insert
the catheter - do not change hands as the one holding the catheter is
Inspect the penis for discharge, growth, stenosis
Put bowl underneath penis to catch urine.
Use plastic syringe to squeeze local anaesthetic gel in to
urethra. Squeeze over end of penis at first and then in bit by bit.
Prevent the gel leaving whilst doing this by applying pressure to the
urethra at the tip of the penis. Massage the urethra in a downwards
direction as far down as the perineum.
Wait 5 min for the gel to act.
Insert the catheter. Hold the penis up and forward to
bend in the urethra. If it is still difficult to insert can also put
pressure at the bottom of the scrotum to further straighten it. Don't
touch the shaft of the catheter when inserting it: do this by holding
it by the bag, and shuffling it down the catheter (this is quite hard
Once the catheter is inserted fully urine should drain in
to the bowl
Inject 10 ml water (not saline) to fill up balloon. Watch
patients face to make sure it is not in the urethra.
Pull out foley until resistance felt. Clean the catheter.
Collect specimen for m+c (first) then cytology then
biochemistry (so not contaminated by local anaesthetic)
Replace prepuce to prevent paraphimosis: very important!
Attach bedside bag. Tape to upper thigh (not lower cos it
will get stretched when erection present)
Notes on insertion in Women
This is normally performed by nurses, so it is less likely to
come up in an exam.
Clean outside first, then using new cotton wool to inside.
The labia is higher in youger women, may be just under
clitoris. Open labia.
Do use LA but do not inject it in.