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Common Conditions
Bronchiectasis
COPD
Fibrosing Alveolitis
Pleural Effusion
Valvular Disease
Chronic Liver Disease
Hepatomegaly
Polycystic Kidneys
Renal Transplant
Motor Neuron Disease
Multiple Sclerosis
Parkinson's
Peripheral Neuropathy
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Psoriasis
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Systemc Sclerosis
Acromegaly
Cushing's Disease
Goitre
Thyroid Status
Clubbing
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COPD

Signs Tracheal tug, hyperinflation, accessory muscles, hyper-resonant, quiet breath sounds
Function CO2 retention, pulmonary hypertension
Tests FBC - polycythaemia
ABG - hypoxia, CO2 retention
Pulmonary function tests - obstructive picture, reduced gas transfer
CXR - rule out infection / mass lesion

Causes

Smoking (mixed)
Alpha 1 antitrypsin (panacinar)
Coal dust (centrilobular)

Extensions

Look for splenomegaly (amyloidosis)

Notes

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